Physical Science A SGI Lesson #1 (8-27-2018)


Introduction to Science





Unit S.M.A.R.T. Goal:

Students will plan and carry out investigations which utilize models  in order to explain the interactions between non-living objects with 85% accuracy in 3 of 4 trials.


Learning Target(s):

Students will be able explain the following by the end of the  lesson today:

  • Branches of science.
  • Difference between scientific laws and scientific theories.
  • Lab Safety
  • Setting up an experiment


Life Connection:

Students will decide on what to write here before they leave today.


Behavioral Norms:

  • Learn from mistakes
  • Tolerance
  • Participate
  • Personal electronics only when appropriate



Conduct, Science, Technology, Law, Theory, Critical Thinking, Scientific Method, Observation, Bias, Variables (Independent & Dependent), Hypothesis.


Course Digital Resources:

Downloadable PDF -> Mr. Tyler – Physical Science Syllabus

Link -> Mr. Tyler’s Physical Science Digital Resources

Link -> Online Stop Watch 


Engineering Warm Up: (20 Minutes)

Science classes tend to be boring. We are going to kick our class off with an experiment! Plus ! This particular experiment may be one you are familiar with so you can try a new tactic with it.



Downloadable PDF -> Template – Science Team Lab Roles



  • 20 pieces of spaghetti per group
  • 20 small marshmallows per group
  • 1 large marshmallow on top
  • 1 foot of masking tape per group
  • 2 pieces of copy paper. (1 for sketching and 1 to use if you wish in your build)


Teams compete to build the tallest freestanding structure supporting a large marshmallow following these rules:

  • Pencil sketch of structure before construction materials will be given.
  • Build the tallest freestanding structure as measured from the table surface to the top of the marshmallow. The structure may not be suspended from another structure (like a chair, the ceiling, or a chandelier).
  • The entire large marshmallow must be on top of the structure. Cutting or eating part of the marshmallow disqualifies the team.
  • Use as many or as few of the supplies as your team chooses, with the exception of the large marshmallow (which must be placed on top of the structure). Your team’s kit includes 20 sticks of spaghetti, one yard of tape, 20 small marshmallows, and one large marshmallow.
  • Teams may break the spaghetti and cut the tape as needed to create the structure.
  • Complete the challenge in 18 minutes. Teams may not hold the structure in place when the time stops. Touching or supporting the structure at the end of the exercise disqualifies the team.


Why this the engineering warm up on the first day Mr. Tyler? Check out this quote from another science teacher Frank Noschese.

“What is in the front and center of the classroom? It’s not an interactive whiteboard. It’s not an angry bird. It’s not a Sal Khan dart board. It’s a tower. A tower which represents success, failure, and risk-taking. The tower is built from uncooked spaghetti and tape. It is unimpressive and crude, perhaps leaning to one side while a marshmallow rests at the top. For me, however, the tower lives on throughout the year and becomes a symbol for the core value at the center of my classroom. You see, the unsuccessful teams typically wait until the 18 minutes are over before putting the marshmallow on top. In contrast, the teams that successfully build a tower which can support the marshmallow typically go through several cycles of building and testing during the 18 minutes. Build, test, modify, retest, repeat. It’s a feedback loop. – Frank Noschese


Engineering Warm Up Debrief: 

As a team talk about what are the top 3 take aways from this activity.

(Hint: Why is teamwork important?)



Task #1 –

Fill out the Mr. Tyler’s Student Survey on paper.

Career Interest Survey Results:



Task #2 –

Introduction to


Task #3 –

Science Pre-test

We are going to take a Pre-test on what you know about Science already. I want you to try your best because the results of this test will show me where our real starting point is.

Downloadable PDF -> Mr. Tyler’s Physical Science PreTest


Ticket Out the Door:

At the end of today’s lesson I will be passing out Post-It notes. On the Post-It note you receive write down the most interesting thing you learned today  and the most confusing thing you heard and put it on the inside of the classroom door as you leave today.



Review your vocabulary notes and Cornell Notes.

Make sure you obtain your Chromebook login before our next class.


Next Generation Science Standards Addressed:

Science and Engineering Practices:

Developing and Using Models

Planning and Carrying Out Investigations

Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions


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